Inner Development

Since the settlement area in the Alpine region is limited, the aim should be a sustainable development of land consumption. Inner development has a key role to play when it comes to shaping sustainable urban and village development. The priority of inner over outer development has become a consensus in the professional planning discourse.

In practice, however, the situation is different in many municipalities. Small towns especially, in shrinking or stabilising areas, are confronted with a loss of function (including housing and trade). This can be seen in vacancies and wasteland in town centres, while on the outskirts or in town districts it is not uncommon for more land to be designated for residential and commercial purposes. On the one hand, this is due to exogenous as well as structural and overall social factors, such as demographic change, changing housing needs or digitisation in the retail sector. On the other hand, obstacles and blockades to targeted inner development are due to a gap between knowledge and implementation.

At the same time, the need for intensive involvement of the local population and actors is becoming apparent: where municipal actors actively support inner development in interaction with the owners, local civil society, local economy and residents, there can be a successful drive towards living residential and supply locations.

The Impuls4Action Toolbox aims to provide actors with suitable examples, projects, methods and experts in this area, in order to promote the exchange of know-how and encourage improved inner development, because every area of land consumed is not only no longer available to the future generations, but can also limit in the here and now, for example, the availability of agricultural land for food production, reduce ecosystem services and make areas more vulnerable to climate change, leading to increased costs for development, while at the same time making inner cities or town centres desolate and aged.

GeoGr – Geodata of the canton Graubünden

GeoGR AG operates the central geodata hub for the canton of Graubünden on behalf of the canton. Users of the online database can view various public geodata, call up information and print out maps.
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Vacant flats in the city of Salzburg 2015

The city of Salzburg has a significant need for housing. At the same time, the building land resources for residential construction are very limited.
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SHELTER

The SHELTER project is funded by the EU programme INTERREG Italy-Austria. The project partners are Plattform Land, the Veneto Region (LP), EURAC and the municipalities of Val di Zoldo, Valstagna and Anras.
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New provincial law for space and landscape

On 8 June 2018, the South Tyrolean Parliament passed the new Provincial Law on Space and Landscape (No. 9 of 10.07.2018), which comes into force on 1 July 2020.
Law
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Scattered Hotel Faller

The village of Faller, which has always been a destination for summer and winter stays, lends itself very well to this type of solution, thanks also to the layout of the town centre.
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Bavarian area management database

Since 2009, Bavarian municipalities have had a free tool at their disposal in the form of the land management database (FMD), which makes it much easier for them to deal with interior development potential
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