Inner Development

Since the settlement area in the Alpine region is limited, the aim should be a sustainable development of land consumption. Inner development has a key role to play when it comes to shaping sustainable urban and village development. The priority of inner over outer development has become a consensus in the professional planning discourse.

In practice, however, the situation is different in many municipalities. Small towns especially, in shrinking or stabilising areas, are confronted with a loss of function (including housing and trade). This can be seen in vacancies and wasteland in town centres, while on the outskirts or in town districts it is not uncommon for more land to be designated for residential and commercial purposes. On the one hand, this is due to exogenous as well as structural and overall social factors, such as demographic change, changing housing needs or digitisation in the retail sector. On the other hand, obstacles and blockades to targeted inner development are due to a gap between knowledge and implementation.

At the same time, the need for intensive involvement of the local population and actors is becoming apparent: where municipal actors actively support inner development in interaction with the owners, local civil society, local economy and residents, there can be a successful drive towards living residential and supply locations.

The Impuls4Action Toolbox aims to provide actors with suitable examples, projects, methods and experts in this area, in order to promote the exchange of know-how and encourage improved inner development, because every area of land consumed is not only no longer available to the future generations, but can also limit in the here and now, for example, the availability of agricultural land for food production, reduce ecosystem services and make areas more vulnerable to climate change, leading to increased costs for development, while at the same time making inner cities or town centres desolate and aged.

Kasperhof in Patsch (Tyrol)

The building "Kasperhof" in Patsch in Tyrol from the 17th century - with a usable area of just under 650m² - is subject to the protection of the townscape and stood empty for twenty years.
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European Settlement Map 2015

The map "European Settlement Map 2015" was published in 2019. It shows the development of the population, the degree of urbanization and the land consumption of the European states from 1975 to 2015.
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Sustainability strategy of Tyrol

In 2012, the Tyrolean regional government was the first Austrian region to draw up its own sustainability strategy and with it, it adopted a working plan for future-oriented regional development.
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Farmhouse renovation consulting

The South Tyrolean Farmers' Association, together with the Architecture Foundation South Tyrol, the Provinc
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Project spirit of the times “Pop Up Stores in Enns”

In 2017, the Tourismus & Stadtmarketing GmbH Enns (TSE) launched the project spirit of the times "PopUp Stores in Enns" with the aim of creating lively town centres with attractive offers for residents and visitors. 
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Housing Projects – Online Portal

The housing project online portal was launched in 2009 by the Trias Foundation, which for many years has been supporting initiatives that want to realize communal living and other social and ecological uses in a property.
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