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Alpine Convention and its Protocols

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Soil is a limited and more or less not renewable resource especially in the Alpine region. The Soil Conservation Protocol is covering this key topic, but also other Protocols tackle the topic of soil (see below).


Framework Convention

Article 2, General Obligations

Paragraph 2. In order to achieve the objective referred to in paragraph 1, the Contracting Parties shall take appropriate measures in particular in the following areas:

d. soil conservation the objective is to reduce quantitative and qualitative soil damage, in particular by applying agricultural and forestry methods which do not harm the soil, through minimum interference with soil and land, control of erosion and the restriction of soil sealing,


Protocol “Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development”

Article 3, Consideration of the criteria for environmental protection in the policies for spatial planning and sustainable development

c) the prudent use, compatible with the environment, of the natural resources – soil, air, water, plants and animals, energy,


Protocol “Mountain Farming”


CONSIDERING the importance which farming has always had in the Alpine region and the indispensable contribution which this branch of the economy makes, and will continue to make, particularly in mountain regions, as an essential resource for maintaining an adequate population density, food supply for the population, production of typical high-quality produce, conservation and maintenance of the countryside, particularly for tourism, and, finally, protection of the soil against erosion, avalanches and floods


Protocol “Nature protection and landscape conservation”

Article 4, Taking account of the objectives in other policies

The Contracting Parties undertake to also consider the objectives of this Protocol in their other policies, particularly in the area of: territorial and urban planning, safeguarding the air quality, defence of the soil, protecting the water balance and the quality of the water, tourism, agricultural and forestry economy, transport and energy policies, industry and manufacturing, management of waste; and also in the area of training, education, research and information, as well as in the area of cross-border coordination of the measures.


Protocol “Mountain forests”

Article 1, Objectives


Specifically, the Contracting Parties undertake to ensure, above all, that:

  • erosion and compacting of the soil is avoided by ensuring methods of use and collection that comply with the needs of nature

Article 2, Taking account of the objectives in other policies

c) Forestry pasture farming. The safeguarding of mountain forests so that they fulfill their functions is to have priority over forest pastures. Forest pastures are therefore to be limited or, if necessary, entirely eliminated, so as to permit the renewal of forests suited to the locations, the prevention of damage to the soil and, above all, the continuation of the forest’s protective function.

Article 7, Economic function of mountain forests

Paragraph 2. The Contracting Parties shall ensure that reforestation is applied using tree types suited to the sites and that the economic use of the forests is done with care and attention to the soil and the forestry resource.


Protocol “Tourism”

Article 5, Managing tourism

Paragraph 2

b) the consequences for soil, water, the air, natural balances and the countryside, taking into account specific ecological data, natural resources and limitations to the ability of ecosystems to adapt;


Protocol “Soil Conservation”

73 accordances in the text!

For the whole text see ANNEX

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