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Austrian Soil Map

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Summary

The soil map of the Austrian Soil Cartography presents the soil conditions of Austria's agricultural land in a clear and easily understandable way.

Description

The soil map of the Austrian Soil Cartography - promoted by the Federal research and training center for Forest, Natural Hazards and Landscape, presents the soil conditions of Austria's agricultural land in a clear and easily understandable way. The map summarises areas with similar soil and site characteristics. These mapping units are called soil forms. Thus, areas belonging to the same soil form not only show the same soil type, but also correspond to a defined range of variation in general site characteristics, such as source material or slope inclination, and in soil properties, such as soil type and coarse fraction or humus and carbonate content. Therefore, indicating the soil form means a comprehensive soil description with informative value for the soil as a plant site, whereas indicating the soil type alone, e.g. brown earth or Chernosem, would only give very rough indications for the assessment of a site. Each soil form area on the map contains a number that allows the area to be assigned to the corresponding soil form. Where space permits, this number is supplemented with the usual abbreviations for the soil type, which already indicates the soil type valid for the soil form on the map. For example, the designation 18kFB means that soil type 18 is a calcareous rocky brown earth. In each mapping area, the soil forms are numbered consecutively, starting with one, with a sequence according to soil type groups, starting with the soils in the groundwater area. If the mapping area has been divided into landscape areas, the order is by soil type groups within the respective landscape areas. The numbers of the soil types are only valid for the respective mapping area and do not correspond to the names of the soil types in the neighbouring areas.

 

 

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